Today, we’re outlining the multiple filter options of our microPMU and their applications. Phase Measurement Units (PMUs) provide a high bandwidth window into electrical grid state and dynamics going beyond the capabilities of traditional SCADA systems. microPMU’s filter and isolate the grid waveform’s fundamental component and digitize it together with a GPS-derived time reference signal; the data (in the US) is streamed to Utilities for network control and analysis using the IEEE C37.118 protocol. PMUs enable precise amplitude and differential phase measurements (based on the GPS timestamp) across long distances, for example, mapping grid instabilities at a state or national level. Powerside’s microPMU accomplishes the same mission but with yet higher resolution and phase accuracy options, which are optimized for the cross-town distances and increasing complexity of electrical distribution systems.
PMU filter design is a tradeoff of competing parameters: measurement uncertainty and noise/harmonic rejection generally improve with more sophisticated filters, to the detriment of data latency. Monitoring dynamic events for detection and control applications, such as micro-grid islanding detection, favors simple, fast filters, resulting in the lowest data latency. On the other hand, precise impedance-based fault location based on complex tensor mathematics benefits from the best uncertainty and higher noise rejection filters with longer latency.
Our microPMU supports multiple filter types, including standard IEEE C37.118 M and P Class filters, and includes our proprietary high-resolution mode.
|C37.118 M & P Class Filters||High precision filter|
|Type||Low & moderate filtering |
Moderate noise rejection
|Complex filtering |
High noise rejection
|Typical Applications||Islanding & Transient detection |
High bandwidth current-flow
|Impedance modelling |
|Typical Amplitude Resolution||+/- 0.5 %||< +/- 0.01 %|
|Typical Differential Phase Resolution||+/- 0.5 o||+/- 0.001 o|
|Filter Latency||50 ms||0.7 s|
|Streaming Rate||60 Hz||120 Hz|
As microPMU’s are gaining adoption in distribution networks, the devices’ agility to perform more than one mission is critical. Powerside’s microPMU is a compact and cost-effective solution for diverse monitoring applications. It is being field-deployed with Tier 1 Utilities and supporting an expanding body of research applications.